E-mobility is celebrated and vilified by many people today. Electric vehicles are called not clean, too expensive, the ranges are too low, the batteries do not live long, burn easily and must be disposed of expensively.
All myths and disadvantages have been refuted often in recent years. Even established manufacturers, who have been the biggest opponents of electric vehicles, have presented studies and calculations in which electric cars were presented very positively.
Basically, electric vehicles offer the following advantages:
- are environmentally friendly
- are very quiet
- emit no exhaust gases (CO2 or NOX)
- do not consume fossile fuel
- have a long life
- price-value are stable
- offer independence and freedom
- have lower overall costs
The only valid disadvantage are the “longer” charging times. This disadvantage is compensated by the fast charging capabilities of today’s battery cells. The CCS charging process can be charged on most charging stations with 50kW or higher.
The numbers were partly adopted optimistically. It can be seen that the battery electric vehicle is ecologically and economically unbeatable because of its high efficiency.
In the following, we will discuss the benefits in more detail.
The BEV’s (Battery electric vehicle) is a self-contained system. To run the vehicle no fuels are needed and will left to the environment. In catalysts of gasoline and diesel vehicles are very valuable rare earths such as platinum, rhodium, cerium, lanthanum and yttrium. These are partially burned off by the hot exhaust gases and blown out of the environment irretrievably. Only just under half of the valuable substances can be recycled.
When charging with renewable energy, the best saving of resources is achieved. Wind and photovoltaic systems are the best and cheapest sources of energy. These should be used primarily for charging electric vehicles and to power our lifes.
A BEV protects the environment. It emits no greenhouse gases and nitrogen oxides or particulate matter. Furthermore, a BEV is very quiet. For production and operation significantly less raw materials and energy are needed.
Only the production of the batteries requires comparatively much energy and still emits a relatively large amount of CO², which must be compensated by the operation of the vehicle. Many battery manufacturers are already producing their cells with the help of regenerative energies. In the future, the production of many manufacturers should be completely CO² neutral.
Unlike claimed today Li-ion batteries last a long time. Manufacturers like Tesla / Panasonic quote a cycle number of 1,500 for their cells. From then on, the battery capacity is reduced to 80%. The battery can then be replaced and used as a house buffer storage. It does not have to be disposed of or recycled for a long time. 1,500 cycles correspond to the performance of a Renault ZOE ZE40 of approximately 450,000 km. An average service life of a gasoline or diesel vehicle according to mobile.de corresponds to approximately 200,000 km. From then on, the cost of repairs to the internal combustion engine increases too much.
Modern electric vehicles have a lower loss of value over the lifetime. This is partly due to the battery itself, as this is the most valuable components and on the other hand by the lower mechanical load of the drive train. There are less expensive repairs.
Independence and Freedom
The people are no longer helpless to the large corporations and workshops. The electricity price does not fluctuate and does not depend on the strongly fluctuating oil price. You can even make your own electricity via a PV system. Basically you load where you are while the car is not used.
The operating costs are many times lower than for a vehicle with a combustion vehicle. The costs for repairs and maintenance of the drive components are almost negligible.
|Renault ZOE||Renault Clio|
|Consumption on 100km||15kWh||7l|
|Cost per 100km||4,35€||9,7€|
Both vehicles are in the same class. The consumption figures have been taken from the website www.spritmonitor.de. Prices for electricity and gas are subject to fluctuations. The costs for the electricity price can be reduced to 0 € with your own PV system. Gasoline, diesel or hydrogen can not be produced and one depends on filling station operators.